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The Holy Grail,
Quest of Logres

None of the line items that are included in the following outline are meant to be links.
The outline itself represents the material that is to be covered in the upcoming book known by the above title (available after December 2031).

Foreword by John Matthews

  1. Introduction to the Holy Grail, Quest of Logres
  2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
              the Name “Grail”, Multiple “Grails”, and Other Sacred/Mystical Objects
    1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
                the Name “Grail”, Multiple “Grails”, and Other Sacred/Mystical Objects
    2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Grail”
    3. Existence of Multiple “Grails”
      1. Introduction to the Existence of Multiple “Grails”
        1. The Vessel and The Quest
          1. Introduction to The Vessel and The Quest
          2. The Vessel
            • Thesis — As Above
              • Ultimate Source
              • Enlightenment
            • Antithesis — So Below
              • Individuality
              • Blood Feud Avengement
          3. The Quest
            • The Grail Kingdom, Castle, Family, and Heroes/Knights/Princes
            • The Grail Chapel/Church, Processions, Maidens/Virgins/Ladies/Matrons/Princesses/(bearers), and Questions
        2. Sacred Geometry
          1. Introduction to Sacred Geometry
          2. Symbols, Shapes, and Proportions
            • Symbols
            • Shapes
            • Proportions
          3. Geometer
          4. Religious Structures and Sacred Spaces
            • Religious Structures
            • Sacred Spaces
          5. Religious/Spiritual Art
      2. Pre-Mediæval-Christian “Grails”
        1. Introduction to the Pre-Mediæval Christian “Grails”
        2. Pagan “Grails”
          1. Introduction to Pagan “Grails”
          2. Paleolithic/Neolithic “Grails”
            • Introduction to Paleolithic/Neolithic “Grails”
            • Animal Horn
            • Human Skull
            • Moldavite Stone
              • Sometimes called an “Emerald” of Divine Transformation
                • c 23,000 BC
                • The Ancient Neolithic People of Eastern Europe
                • Wore and Crafted Moldavite
                • As Spiritual Talismans and Amulets
                • For Good Fortune and Fertility
              • A Particular Stone that Fell to Earth
                • Was an “Emerald”
                • Said by later authors
                • To have Adorned “Lucifer’s” Forehead/Crown
          3. Indus Valley “Vedic Grails”
            • Introduction to Indus Valley “Vedic Grails”
            • Amr(i)t(a)/Maha(a)/Soma Ras — Immortality/Great/Soma Juice
              • Amr(i)t(a)
                • Amrit
                • AmRta
              • Maha(a)
                • Maha
                • Mahaa
              • Soma( Ras)
                • Soma
                • Soma Ras
            • Amritsar/Amr(i)t(a)-Sar(a) — Pool/Pond of Nectar (literally: Immortality Water)
              • Amr(i)t(a)
              • Sar(a)
          4. Sumerian “Grails”
            • Introduction to Sumerian “Grails”
            • Strongly Fermented Grain Drink
            • Plant of Birth
            • (Extract of Star Fire)/(“Nectar of Supreme Excellence”)
            • Likely dedicated to
              • Ningišzida/𒀭𒊩𒌆𒄑𒍣𒁕/Ningishzida/Nin-Giz-Zid-A/Nin-G̃iš-Zid-Da
              • and/or Ninḫursaĝ(a)/𒀭𒎏𒄯𒊕/Ninursag/Ninḫarsa(n)g/Nin-Ḫar-Sag̃
          5. Persian “Grail”
            • Introduction to Persian “Grail”
            • Cup of King Jamshid (Resplendent Cup)
          6. Egyptian “Grail(s)”
            • Introduction to Egyptian “Grail(s)”
            • Distilled Fungus Drink
              • A Type of “Sacred Water”
              • A Type of “Blood and Water”
          7. Indo-Iranian (Nart) “Grail”
            • Introduction to Indo-Iranian (Nart) “Grail”
            • (Nart(y))amonga/Uiciamonga
          8. Pukaran “Grail” — “Fuente Magna”
            • Introduction to Pukaran “Grail” — “Fuente Magna”
            • Large stone vessel, resembling a libation bowl
            • Writing upon the bowl is a type of cuneiform text dating back some 5000 years (c 3000 BC)
            • Used for libations to the Goddess Nia
          9. Chinese “Grails” — “Golden Elixir”
            • Introduction to Chinese “Grails” — “Golden Elixir”
            • Jindan — Inner Alchemy
            • Elixir of Eternal Life (physically alchemical)
          10. Túatha/Tuatha Dé (Danann/Danaan) “Grail”
            • Introduction to Túatha/Tuatha Dé (Danann/Danaan) “Grail”
            • Drink of Immortality
            • Hospitably offered by Goibhniu
            • Túatha/Tuatha Dé (Danann/Danaan) were Oetzi/Belgae admixture
          11. “GræcoRoman Grail”
            • Introduction to “GræcoRoman Grail”
            • Babylonian Raven (MUL.UGA.MUSHEN) — from at least 1100 BC
              • Crater
              • Corvus
              • Hydra
            • GræcoRoman Krater/Crater
            • Chinese Vermillion Bird of the South (南方朱雀 — Nán Fāng Zhū Què)
              • Crater
              • Hydra
            • Polynesian Crater (Moana-'ohu-noa-'ei-ha'a-moe-hara — vortex-ocean-in-which-to-lose-crime)
          12. Zoroastrian “Grail”
            • Duroaosa — Averter of Death
            • Haoma/Sauma
          13. Greek/Hellenic “Grails”
            • Introduction to Greek/Hellenic “Grails”
            • Ambrosia
            • Nectar
          14. Somerset “Grail”
            • Introduction to Somerset “Grail”
            • Glastonbury Bowl
            • Glastonbury Lake Village
            • Of Celtic Origin
            • 200 BC/AD 200
            • Bronze
          15. “Armorican Veneti Grails”
            • Introduction to “Armorican Veneti Grails”
            • Gundestrup Cauldron
              • Of Celtic origin
              • c 120 BC, or between 75 BC and 55 BC
              • Forged in Northwest Gaul (or the Balkans?)
              • With Venetian metalworking (or Thracian?)
              • Found in Jutland
            • Chiemsee Cauldron
              • Of Celtic origin
              • Between 75 BC and 55 BC
              • Forged in Northwest Gaul
              • With Venetian metalworking
              • Found in Bavaria
          16. Alexandrian/Roman “Grails”
            • Introduction to Alexandrian/Roman “Grails”
            • Alexandrian — Cup of the Ptolemies (3rd/1st Century BC)
            • Alexandrian/Roman — Lycurgus Cup (AD 290/325)
          17. Irish “Grails”
            • Introduction to Irish “Grails”
            • Cup/Cauldron of Truth
              • Belonged to Cormac mac Airt (Cormac ua Cuinn - Cormac grandson of Conn; Cormac Ulfada - Cormac Long Beard)
              • Of “Celtic” Origin
              • 2nd/3rd/4th Century AD
              • Gold Cup/Cauldron
              • Breaks if three lies are spoken over it and is made whole again if three truths are spoken
              • Cormac used this cup/cauldron during his kingship to distinguish falsehood from truth
              • When Cormac died, the cup/cauldron vanished
            • Ardagh Chalice
              • Ardagh Fort, Ireland
              • Of “Celtic” Origin
              • 8th Century AD
              • Silver cup
              • Decorated with gold, gilt bronze, brass, lead pewter, and enamel
              • Stood seven inches in height
          18. Old French “Grail”
            • Introduction to Old French “Grail”
            • Escuele — skill
            • According to Andrew Sinclair
          19. Northumbrian FuÞorc “Grail”
            • Introduction to Northumbrian FuÞorc “Grail”
            • 8th/9th Century AD
            • As the 31st rune calc ᛣ
            • CALC spelled in Runes — ᛣᚪᛚᛣ
            • CALC-AC-LAUKAZ/LAGU(Z)/LOGR-CALC
            • The individual letters mean ‘chalice-oak-lake-chalice’
            • Or “(offering cup)-(oak tree)-(water)-(offering cup)”
            • Possibly linking “The Grail” of Arthuriana to the Oak Tree Barnstokkr/Branstock
              • Into which Odin drove the sword Gram(r)/Balmung/Nothung — meaning Wrath
              • And from which Prince Sigmund of the Volsung dynasty pulled that Great Sword of Odin
              • Just as Arthur pulled The Sword from the Anvil/Stone in Arthuriana
        3. Jewish “Grails”
          1. Introduction to Jewish “Grails”
          2. Cabalistic “Grail”
            • Introduction to Cabalistic “Grail”
            • In Hebrew — גרעאל
            • ‘Grā-al’
              • ‘grā’ — ‘grain’
              • ‘al’ — ‘power/strength’
            • So as to connote a strongly fermented grain-based drink
          3. Passover/Seder “Grails”
            • Introduction to Non-Cabalistic (Passover/Seder) “Grails”
            • Kiddish Cup (Sanctification)
            • Haggadah Cup (Proclamation)
            • Berakah Cup (Blessing)
            • Hallel Cup (Praise)
            • Cup of Elijah (Future)
            • Miriam’s Cup (Sustenance — Living Waters)
      3. Mediæval-Christian “Holy” Grails
        1. Introduction to Mediæval Christian “Holy” Grails
        2. Greek “Grail”
          1. Introduction to Greek “Grail”
          2. Holy Grail — ιερό δισκοπότηρο (ieró diskopótiro)
            • ιερό (ieró) sanctuary/sanctum/chancel/bethel/presbytery
            • δισκοπότηρο (diskopótiro) chalice
              • δισκος (diskos) disc/disk/tray/server/salver
              • πότηρο (pótiro) glass — the substance
          3. (Holy Grail)/Grail/chalice — άγιο ποτήριο (ágio potírio)
            • άγιο (ágio) holy
            • ποτήριο (potírio) glass/tumbler — the container
          4. chalice
            • δισκοπότηρο (diskopótiro)
            • άγιο ποτήριο (ágio potírio)
            • κύπελλο (kýpello)
          5. cup
            • κύπελλο (kýpello)
            • φλιτζάνι (phlitzáni)
            • φλυτζάνι (phlytzáni)
            • κούπα (koúpa)
            • χούφτα (choúphta)
            • βεντούζα (bentoúza)
        3. Vindolanda “Grail”
          1. Introduction to Vindolanda “Grail”
          2. Fifth/Sixth Century AD
          3. Roman auxiliary fort (castrum)
          4. Vindolanda, Northumberland
          5. Found among Roman ruins of a small church
          6. Chalice decorated with lettering in Latin, Greek and potentially Ogham
          7. Rare combination of Christian symbols
            • Crosses
            • Ships
            • A smiling figure with a shepherd’s crook
            • Chi-rhos
            • Angels
        4. Gnostic “Grail”
          1. Introduction to Gnostic “Grail”
          2. Albigensian
          3. Cathars/Perfecti
        5. Roman Catholic “Grail”
          1. Introduction to Roman Catholic “Grail”
          2. “Last Supper” Chalice — c First Century AD
          3. Cup of Huesca — AD 257
          4. Cup of San Juan de la Peña — 8th/10th Centuries AD
            • King of Aragon, Martin the Humane — AD 1399 to AD 1410
            • King Alfonso the Magnanimous — AD 1410 to AD 1424
          5. Valencia Chalice — Santo Cáliz (“Holy Chalice of the Last Supper”)
            • Valencia Palace — AD 1424
            • Valencia Cathedral — AD 1437
        6. Joseph of Arimathea’s “Grail”
          1. Introduction to Joseph of Arimathea’s “Grail”
          2. At Glastonbury (Ynys Witrin)
          3. Calice
            • Chalice (from calix/calyx and calicem, from κύλιξ (kúlix) and κάλυξ (kálux))
            • Cup, Goblet (for drinking)
            • Wine Glass (large glass of wine)
            • Related to calyce/kalyke (καλύκη) — an exquisite gorgeous woman
          4. Nanteos Cup
            • In Wales
            • An Olive Wood Bowl
            • Said to be the Cup of the Last Supper
            • Water poured from the Bowl is claimed to have Miraculous Healing Powers
          5. Chalice Well’s Blue Bowl
        7. Marian Chalice
          1. Introduction to Marian Chalice
          2. Forms of Marian Chalice
            • Introduction to Forms of Marian Chalice
            • Small Cup
            • Gospel of Thomas
            • Small Roman Onyx Scent Jar
          3. History of Marian Chalice
            • Introduction to History of Marian Chalice
            • Christ’s Tomb
            • Rome
            • Owain D(d)an(t)(g)wyn at Caer-Guricon (Wroxeter), Britain
            • Payne Peveril (Percival), descendant of Owain D(d)an(t)(g)wyn
            • Sir Fulk FitzWaryn at Whittington Castle, Whittington, Shropshire
            • Alberbury Priory
            • Robert Vernon
            • Thomas Wright
            • Statue of Saint John in Hawkstone Park
        8. Roslin/Rosslyn Chapel Grail
          1. Introduction to Roslin/Rosslyn Chapel Grail
          2. Temple of Solomon, Jerusalem
          3. Templeisen
            • The Monastic Order of the Knights Templar
            • In Scotland
          4. Henri de Saint Clair
            • Born c AD 1065
            • Crusader Knight — AD 1096 to AD 1099
            • Died c AD 1103
          5. Templar’s First Grand Master
            • Hugues de Pay(e)n(s)
            • Born c AD 1070
            • AD 1118 to 24 May AD 1136
          6. Templar’s Last Grand Master (officially)
            • Jacques de Molay/Molai
            • Born c AD 1243
            • 20 April AD 1298 to AD 1312 (officially)
            • Died 18 March 1314
          7. Peter d’Aumont
            • “Templar” Grand Master (unofficially)
            • AD 1312 to AD 1313 (unofficially)
          8. George Harris
            • “Templar” Grand Master (unofficially)
            • AD 1313 (unofficially)
          9. Johannes Larmenius
            • “Templar” Grand Master (unofficially)
            • AD 1314 to AD 1324
          10. Henry Sinclair in Scotland
            • Earl of Orkney
            • Born c AD 1345
            • Died c AD 1400
          11. Roslin/Rosslyn Chapel at Roslin/Rosslyn Castle — Apprentice Pillar
        9. Lesser Mediæval-Christian “Holy” Grails
          1. Introduction to Lesser Mediæval-Christian “Holy” Grails
          2. Chalice of the Abbot Suger(ius) of Saint-Denis
          3. Antioch Chalice
          4. Tassilo(’s) Chalice
            • Anglo-Saxon
            • 9th Century AD
            • England
          5. Chalice of Doña Urraca
          6. Sant Grial (Holy Grail) of O Cebreiro
            • Gerald of Aurillac — Tenth (10th) Century AD French Saint
            • A priest who doubted transsubstantiation witnessed the bread and wine actually transformed into flesh and blood
            • (Sant Gral)/(Saint Gerald) confused with Sant Grial
            • Ramón Cabanillas
          7. Wiegand Cup
          8. Bruges Grail/Phial
          9. Genoa Chalice
            • Introduction to Genoa Chalice
            • Sacro Catino
            • Santo Cantion
          10. Santo Milagro
          11. Glass Vessels at Burgh Castle
          12. Glass Vessel at Dover
          13. Chalice of Gold, Adorned with Moldavite Stones
      4. Post-Mediæval-Christian “Grails”
        1. Introduction to Post-Mediæval-Christian “Grails”
        2. Liquid Gold
        3. Philosopher’s Stone
          1. Elixir of Life
          2. Elixir of Immortality
        4. Uisce Beatha
          1. Water of Life
          2. Fountain of Life
          3. Well of Life
        5. Fountain of Bounty
        6. (Axis Mundi)/(Axis of Earth)/(Cosmic Axis)/(World Axis)/(Center of the World)
          1. Pillar/Tree
            • (World Pillar)/(Pillar of Life)
            • (World Tree)/(Tree of Wisdom)/(Tree of Life (and Knowledge))/(Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil)
          2. (Fountain of (Everlasting/Eternal) Youth)/(Fountain of Life)
        7. Napoleonic Moldavite Grail
    4. Comparison of Other Sacred/Mystical Objects to “Grail”
      1. Introduction to Comparison of Other Sacred/Mystical Objects to “Grail”
      2. “Grail”-like Objects — Vessels
        1. Introduction to “Grail”-like Objects — Vessels
        2. Vessels of Abundance
          1. Introduction to Vessels of Abundance
          2. Greek — Cornucopia (Horn of Plenty)
            • Introduction to Cornucopia (Horn of Plenty)
            • Either the Horn of the goat Amalthea, who fed the infant Zeus
            • Or the Horn broken by Heracles from the Head of Achelous, who had taken the form of a bull to fight Heracles for the hand of Deianeira
          3. Roman — Gradalis/Gradatim (Dish/Platter)
          4. Welsh/Cymric Vessels of Abundance
            • Introduction to Welsh/Cymric Vessels of Abundance
            • Horn (Corn)
            • Dish (Dysgl/Desgyl)
            • Cauldrons
              • Specific Owners
                • Arawn’s black Cauldron in Annw(f)n
                • Ceridwen’s Cauldron
                • Bran Fendigaid’s (Raven the Blessed’s) Cauldron of Rebirth (Pair Dadeni)
                       — Originally belonging to Llassar Llaesgyvnewid
                       — Gifted to Bran Fendigaid
              • Words for Vessel
                • Callor
                • C(h)rochan(au)/(N)g(h)rochan(au)
                • Bair/Mhair/P(h)air
        3. Vessels of Salvation
          1. Introduction to Vessels of Salvation
          2. (Silver) Platter, with or without a Head
            • With a Head
              • John the Baptiser
              • Peredur’s Cousin
            • Without a Head
          3. Grail/Chalice of Christ
          4. Bleeding Lance/Spear of Destiny/Longinus
          5. Sword, or Candelabra(s)
            • Sword
              • Chrétien’s Perceval
                • The Sword is fashioned by the smith Trabuchet
                • Given to Perceval by the Fisher King
              • First and Second Continuations of Perceval
                • The perfect Grail Knight could mend the Sword
                • Which had become broken through unknown means
              • Third Continuation
                • Sword was broken by a knight named Partinal
                • Who used it to kill Goondesert, the Fisher King’s brother
              • Fourth Continuation — Perceval is finally able to mend the Sword completely
              • Perlesvaus
                • The Sword is that which beheaded John the Baptist
                • Gawain needed it to enter the Grail Castle
                • He recovered the Sword from King Gurguran as a reward
                • It was then stolen by the King of the Watch
                • The Sword was returned to the Fisher King by Gawain
              • Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Crône
                • The Grail Sword is simply awarded to Gawain
                • Upon completion of the Grail Quest
              • Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal
                • Having been shattered when it struck Joseph of Arimathea, it became the Broken Sword
                • It was mended by Galahad at the conclusion of the Grail Quest
            • Candelabra(s)
        4. Vessels/Hallows of Transformation/Transmutation
          1. Introduction to Vessels/Hallows of Transformation/Transmutation
          2. Baphomet/(bath of the king)/(Goat/Banebdjedet of (Mendes)/(spiritus mundi))/Mahomet/Muhammad
            • Introduction to Baphomet/(bath of the king)/(Goat/Banebdjedet of (Mendes)/(spiritus mundi))/Mahomet/Muhammad
            • Overall meanings
              • Initiation by (Origin of Waters)/(a water of harsh and bitter taste)
              • Wisdom of Measurement
                • The “Emerald” Tablet (Tabula Smaragdina)
                • Ascend and Descend with Wisdom and Great Sagacity
            • Baphe
              • Dipping
              • Absorption/Imbibation
              • Brilliant red colour used in illuminating ancient manuscripts
            • Metis/Thetis/Tethys
              • One of the Oceanids/Okeanides
                • The Goddess of Prudence/Wisdom/(Wise Counsel)
                • Her name, Metis, originally meant magical cunning
                • Daughter of Oceanus/Okeanos and his mother Gæa/Ge (or his sister Tethys)
              • One of the Nine Sisters of “Avalon”
                • As (Thiten (best) known for her zither/cither/cithara lyre)/Thiton/Tithen/(Thitis with her lyre)/Thetis/(Ombite known for stringed instruments)
                • Sister of Morgen/Morg(u)(e)(i)n/Mori-genā/(sea born)/(shore of the sea)/(song of the sea)
                • The mother of Metis (as well as Thetis herself in the form of Thetys) is echoed in another sister of Morgen/Morg(u)(e)(i)n/Mori-genā as Thiten/Thitis/Thetys/Tethys/Tythen
              • Device
              • Skill
              • Craft
              • Wisdom (Sophia)/sophic
              • Knowledge
              • Creation/(The Tree of Life)
              • Metis/Métis/Mestizo/Mestiza
                • Metis/Métis
                       — A person of mixed ancestry/blood
                       — Especially, the offspring of an American Indian [a Native American] and a person of European ancestry
                • Mestizo/Mestiza
                       — Mestizo - a male of mixed blood, specifcally a male of mixed European and Indian [Native American] ancestry
                       — Mestiza - a female of mixed blood, specifcally a female of mixed European and Indian [Native American] ancestry
            • Another name for (Tawûsî Melek)/(تاوسی مەلەک)/(Tawisi Malak)/(Tawûsê Melek)/(Melekê Tawûs)/(Melek Taus))/(Malka Tausa)/(Peacock Angel)(/Adam-Murrugan/Kumara)?
            • Another name for the Head of John the Baptiser?
          3. Four Tarot Suits
            • Introduction to Four Tarot Suits
            • Swords
              • Fire (or Air — see Wands)
              • Spades/Spring/East/Gold (Swords as Air)
              • Sword
              • As the 30th rune in the Northumbrian FuÞorc ᛢ
                • cweorp/cweorth/cweorð
                • Q
                • (Flames of a) Ritual Fire — Alchemical Sulphur (Fire)
                • Represents a process of transformation through fire.
                  The spirit of a body from a person on a funeral pyre is liberated by fire.
                • Refers to the sacredness of the hearth and ritual cleansing by fire.
            • Cups
              • Water
              • Hearts/Autumn/West/Blue
              • Grail/Chalice
              • As the 31st rune in the Northumbrian FuÞorc ᛣ
                • calc
                • K
                • ((Offering) Cup)/Chalice — Alchemical Mercury (Water)
                • Denotes the death of the individual, however it is not seen as a death rune.
                  Like ea
                  (r) (ᛠ representing Dust as the Undifferentiated Source), calc indicates the natural ending or conclusion of a process.
                  Do not view this ending as a termination, but as the end of an old era resulting in a spiritual transformation.
                  [ashes to ashes, dust to dust]
            • Pentacles
              • Earth
              • Diamonds/Winter/North/Green
              • Platter/Plate/Paten/Dish/Disc(/(gaming board)/table)
              • As the 32nd rune in the Northumbrian FuÞorc ᛥ
                • stan
                • St
                • Stone — Alchemical Salt (Earth/Metal)
                • Represents an obstruction in our path, like a boulder at the entrance to a cave.
                  It also represents the stone playing pieces used in board games.
                  Symbolically it represents a link between heavenly bodies and earthly beings.
                  This rune can be used to obstruct and turn back any opposition in our lives.
            • Wands
              • Air (or Fire — see Swords)
              • Clubs/Summer/South/Red (Wands as Fire)
              • Lance/Spear
              • As the 33rd rune in the Northumbrian FuÞorc ᚸ
                • gar
                • G(h)
                • Spear (specifically Gungnir — Odin’s Spear) — Master Rune (Air/Wood)
                • A special rune.
                  Unlike the previous 32 runes in the Northumbrian set, gar does not belong to an ætt.
                  However, this rune is said to be the center point of all the other runes in this set.
                  It is also said to contain all the other runes in itself, making it a powerful and useful rune.
          4. Four Treasures/Jewels/Hallows of the Túatha/Tuatha Dé (Danann/Danaan) — Folk/People/Tribe/Nation of the Goddess (Danu/Anu)
            • Introduction to Four Treasures/Jewels/Hallows of the Túatha/Tuatha Dé (Danann/Danaan) — Folk/People/Tribe/Nation of the Goddess (Danu/Anu)
            • Lia(s) Fáil — Stone of Fál (Stone of Destiny, Stone of Scone) [Earth/Metal]
              • Brought from Fá(i)lia(s)/Faihias, one of the four Chief (Norwegian) Northern Island Cities
              • Made by Ruler/Teacher/Poet/Sage of Noble Wisdom (skilled in the Occult Arts) Morfis/Morfessa/Fessus
              • It would cry out (shout, proclaim) beneath the king who took the sovereignty of Ireland. It was supposedly located near the Hill of Tara in County Meath.
            • Either
              • Sleg/Sleá — Spear
                • Sleg/Sleá Lúg(h) — Spear of Lúg(h) — Sleá Bua — (Invincible) Spear of Victory (for the death of great champions) [Fire]
                • No battle was ever sustained against it, or against the man who held it.
              • or Cainnel/Claideb/Claíomh — Sword
                • Cainnel/Claideb/Claíomh Lúg — Sword of (the nimble) Lúg [Fire]
                • Cainnel/Claideb/Claíomh Solais — Sword/Torch of Light (which belonged to King Núad(h)a) [Air/Wood]
                • No one ever escaped from it once it was drawn from its sheath, and no one could resist it. (The sword is described in the Tain legend as “Nuadu’s Cainnel” — a glowing bright torch.)
              • Brought from Go(i)rias (bright), one of the four Chief (Norwegian) Northern Island Cities
              • Made by Ruler/Teacher/Poet/Sage of Noble Wisdom (skilled in the Occult Arts) Esras/E(s)rus (of keen desires)
            • Either
              • Cainnel/Claideb/Claíomh — Sword
                • Cainnel/Claideb/Claíomh Solais — Sword/Torch of Light (which belonged to King Núad(h)a) [Air/Wood]
                • Cainnel/Claideb/Claíomh Lúgh Lámfada — Sword of Lúgh of the Long Arm(s)/(Long Hands)/(Artful Hands) [Fire]
                • No one ever escaped from it once it was drawn from its sheath, and no one could resist it. (The sword is described in the Tain legend as “Nuadu’s Cainnel” — a glowing bright torch.)
              • or Sleg/Sleá — Spear
                • Sleg/Sleá Núada — (Deadly) Spear of (King) Núada [Air/Wood]
                • Sleg/Sleá Lúg(h) — Spear of Lúg(h) — Sleá Bua — (Invincible) Spear of Victory (for the death of great champions) [Fire]
                • No battle was ever sustained against it, or against the man who held it.
              • Brought from Fi(o)n(d)(n)ias, one of the four Chief (Norwegian) Northern Island Cities
              • Made by Ruler/Teacher/Poet/Sage of Noble Wisdom (skilled in the Occult Arts) U(i)scias (fair seer)
            • Coire Aisic/Ansic — (Great) Cauldron of Restitution (of worth, a huge and mighty treasure of the Dag(h)d(h)a of lofty deeds) — the Undry/Uinde [Water]
              • Brought from Mu(i)rias (fortress of pinnacles of great prowess), one of the four Chief (Norwegian) Northern Island Cities
              • Made by Ruler/Teacher/Poet/Sage of Noble Wisdom (skilled in the Occult Arts) Semias/Semiath (ever-fierce)
              • No company ever went away from it unsatisfied.
      3. Non-“Grail”-like Objects
        1. Pagan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          1. Introduction to Pagan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          2. Birds and Stones
            • Birds
              • Gamgam Bird
              • Bennu Bird (and BenBen Stone)
              • Simurg(h)
                • سیمرغ/Sēnmuruγ/Sēnmurw/Senmurv/Simorgh/Simo(o)rg/Simorq/Simourv/Sī murğ/سی مرغ/“thirty birds”
                • Sīna-mrū/mərəγō Saēnō/the bird Saēna/śyenaḥ/श्येनः/“raptor, eagle, bird of prey”/Siramarg/սիրամարգ/‘peacock’
                • Winged creature in the shape of a bird, gigantic enough to carry off an elephant or a whale
                • Appears as a peacock with the head of a dog and the claws of a lion – sometimes, also with a human face
                • Inherently benevolent and unambiguously female
              • Phoenix/Phœnix
                • From Griffin and Palm Tree to Phoenician/purplish-red bird
                       — πο-νι-κη (po-ni-ke)
                                griffin
                                palm tree
                       — φόνος (phónos: murder)
                       — φοινός (phoinós: blood-red)
                       — φοῖνιξ (phoînix)
                                Phoenician person
                                Tyrian purple/crimson
                                date palm
                       — phoenīx
                                the Phœnician bird
                                the purplish-red bird
                • From Sand to Palm Tree
                       — Possible origin in Ugaritic/Palæo-Hebrew
                       — ול (ChL/chol: sand)
                       — στέλεχος φοίνικος (stélechos phoínikos: stem/trunk of a palm tree)
                       — φοίνικος (phoínikos: palm tree)
                       — palma (palm tree)
                       — Variously into English as “Phoenix” or “Sand”
              • Griffin
              • Anqa/Anqā/Angha/Anka/(Anqa Mughrib)/(Anqa al-Mughrib)
            • Stones
              • (Bennu Bird and) BenBen Stone
              • Stone
                • Giramphiel the Goddess
                • Fimbeus
                • Gawain
              • Hypatia (stone)
              • Alatuir
                • A Magic Stone
                • Originally a Boulder at the Source of a Healing River
                • In the Island Paradise of Bouyan
          3. Flowering Plant of Life/Immortality/((Eternal) Youth)
            • Ur-Shanabi (Plant of Heartbeat)
            • Confusion exists between Ur-Shanabi being a plant or, as Sursunabu, a boatman in the service of Utnapishtim
            • In Epic of Gilgamesh
            • Dates to c 2,500 BC
            • King Gilgamesh of Uruk embarked on a quest in search of immortality
          4. Book of Thoth, literally Thoths Book
            • (Dhwty Sfdw (Djehuti Shefdew))
            • Development of Name from Dhwty to Thoth — Djehuty/Jehuti/Tahuti/(Taautus)/Zehuti/Teḥuti/Techu/Tetu/Theyt
          5. Golden Fleece
          6. Horn — Oliphant/Olivant
          7. Tristan’s Harp, in the Prose Tristan
          8. Ring of Dispell
            • Lady of the Lake
            • Lancelot
          9. Skein of Thread
            • Ilamert of Lanoier
            • Laamorz of Janfrüege
            • Gawain
          10. “Thirteen” Treasures/Trophies of (the Isle of) Britain (Tri Thlws ar Ddeg Ynys Prydain)
            • Introduction to “Thirteen” Treasures/Trophies of (the Isle of) Britain (Tri Thlws ar Ddeg Ynys Prydain)
            • Dyrnwyn, gleddyf Rhydderch Hæl
              • White-Hilt, The Sword
              • Of Rhydderch Hæl (the Generous)
              • Associated with Sagittarius — Jupiter+ — Fire
            • Mwys Gwyddno Garan(h)ir
              • The Hamper/Basket
              • Of Gwyddno Garanhir (Long-Shank)
              • Associated with Taurus — Venus- — Earth
            • Korn/Corn Brân Galed or Gogledd
              • The Horn
              • Of Brân/Bran Galed (the Niggard) from the North
              • Associated with Aquarius — Saturn+ — Air
            • Cadair Nu Kar/Car Morgan Mwynfawr
              • The Chariot
              • Of Morgan Mwynfawr (the Wealthy)
              • Associated with Virgo — Mercury- — Earth
            • Kebystr/Cebystr Klydno/Cly(d)no Eiddin/Eid(d)yn
              • The Halter
              • Of Klydno/Cly(d)no Eiddin/Eid(d)yn
              • Associated with Gemini — Mercury+ — Air
            • Kyllell/Cyllell Llawfrodedd/Llawnrodded Farchog
              • The Knife
              • Of Llawfrodedd/Llawfronedd Farchog/Farfog (the Horseman)
              • Associated with Aries — Mars+ — Fire
            • Pair Dyrnwch/Drynog Gawr
              • The Cauldron
              • Of Dyrnwch/Drynog the Giant (also known as Diwrnach Wyddel the Irishman)
              • Associated with Ophiuchus — Sun, Moon, Venus, Mercury, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn — Fire, Water, Earth, Air
            • Hogalen Tudwal/Tudno Tudglyd/Tudclyd/Tutklyd
              • The Whetstone
              • Of Tudwal Tudglyd/Tutklyd
              • Associated with Cancer — Moon-/+ — Water
            • Pais Padarn/Badarn Beisrydd/Beisrudd
              • The Coat/Cloak/Garment/Tunic
              • Of Padarn/Badarn Beisrudd (of the (Scarlet Robe)/(Red(-)Coat))
              • Associated with Pisces — Jupiter- — Water
            • Gren a desgyl/dysgyl Rhygenydd/Rhagennydd Ysgolhaig
              • The Crock/Pan/Pot and the Dish/Platter
              • Of Rhygenydd/Rhagennydd the Cleric
              • Associated with Libra — Venus+ — Air
            • Gwyddbwyll/Tawlbwrdd/Fidchell Gwenddoleu/Gwenddolau ap Ceidio
              • The Chessboard/Draughtboard
              • Of Gwenddoleu/Gwenddolau ap (son of) Ceidio
              • Associated with Capricorn — Saturn- — Earth
            • Llen/Mantell Arthyr yng Nghernyw
              • The Mantle/Robe/Veil
              • Of Arthur in Cornwall
              • Associated with Scorpio — Mars- — Water
            • Modrwy/Modray (E)luned
              • The Ring Happy
              • Of (E)luned/Lunete the Fortunate
              • Associated with Leo — Sun+/- — Fire
            • Carreg (E)luned
              • The Stone
              • Of (E)luned/Lunete
              • Associated with Leo — Sun+/- — Fire
            • Mantell Tegau Eurfron
              • The Mantle/Robe/(Hooded Cloak) Gwenn
              • Of Tegau Eurfon/Eurvron (Gold-Breast)
            • The Coulter (of Rhun Gawr)/(of Tringer ap Nudd/Nod(ens))
        2. “Abrahamic” Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          1. Introduction to “Abrahamic” Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          2. Judaic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Introduction to Judaic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • “Manna”
              • “Golden Tear from Eye of Horus”/“That which issues from Mouth of Creator”/“The Spittle”/“Semen of Father in Heaven”
              • Scheffa/Shewbread/“Bread of the Presence of God”
              • “Manna(-)Machine”/(The Ancient of Days = The Ancient One + The Small-Faced One)
              • ORMEs/Ormus/Mono-atomic Gold/M-State/AuM/Micro-clusters
            • The Ark of the Covenant
          3. Christian Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Introduction to Christian Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Sangraal/Sangreal
              • (San Graal)/(San Greal) — Holy Grail
              • (Sang Raal)/(Sang Real) — Blood Royal/Holy
            • Grail Table
            • Crown of Thorns
            • Veil of Veronica
            • Shroud of Turin
            • Sacred Bloodline
              • Introduction to the Sacred Bloodline
              • Mary/Miryam Magdalene/Migdalah
              • Documents/Scrolls
              • Descendants
            • Volto Santo di Lucca (Holy Face of Lucca)
              • Eight-foot-tall ancient wooden carving of Christ crucified
              • Lucca, Italy
              • Radiocarbon-dated to AD 770/880
              • Legend credits its carving to Nicodemus (1st Century AD)
            • The Inversion of High Ghibellinism/Ghibilenism
              • Manifestation of the Ghibilene/Ghibelline Ideals analogous to the Great Heroic Sagas of the North
              • A Vehicle representing the Mission of the Holy Roman Empire
                • To unite the Temporal and Spiritual Realms
                • Under a Theologically Just Emperor
            • Book
              • Of Secret/Inner Teachings
              • Written by Yeshua ben Pantera (“Jesus of Faith”)
          4. Mohammedan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Introduction to Mohammedan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Sufic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
              • Introduction to Sufic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
              • The Pearl
                • Possibly related to the Persian word Ghr which means Pearl or Stone
                • The Persian word for Engraved Stone is Ghr’al
              • (Il Izahirati)/Li-Izahirati/Lilzahira
                • Il (The) + Izahirati (Equipment, I Will Explain)
                • Il (The) + I (And) + Zahirati (Wonder)
                • Il (The) + Iz (From, Is, I’m) + Ahirati - (Hearafter, My Confusion, Sorry)
                • Il (The) + Iza (I am) + Hirati (Sorry)
                • Il (The) + Izahir (Revelation) + Ati (And)
                • Li-Izahirati (For whom flourishes or shines)
                • Lilzahira (For who is the flowering)
              • (Albst Sljs/Al-Labsit As-Silis/Alabsit Sillis)/(Lapsit Exillis)/(Lapsi ex Illis)/(“Fallen/Sinking from within That/Those Person(s)”)
                • Al-Ab-Sit — Let Him Be
                       — Al — Power, Strength; The
                       — Ab — Father
                       — Sit — Set
                • Sil-Lis — Silent; If The Issue
                       — Sil — Seal
                       — Lis — (Is) Not
            • Muslim Non-“Grail”-like Object — ٱلْحَجَرُ ٱلْأَسْوَد, (al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad, The Holy Black Stone)
        3. Alchemical Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          1. Introduction to Alchemical Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          2. “Star of Stone”/“Flower of Sea-Fire”/“Renown Sky Stone”
            • Ul-Ag-(Abnu)/(Ab-Nu)
              • Ul — joy, pleasure, satisfaction, star; flower; bud, ornament; to glitter, shine; remote, distant in time; ancient, enduring; to be quick; to hurry, hasten, harass
              • Ag/Ak — of
              • Abnu/Ab-Nu — stone, rock (could be literally ‘niche/sea not’)
                • Ab — niche; sea
                • Nu — not; light; fire, lamp; alabaster
            • Shem-An-Na/(Highward Fire-Stone) — false etymology
              • Shem-An-Na (from false etymology) — the Bread made from the White-powder of Alchemical Gold
              • Shem — renown; prosperity; (a) name, son; the essential reality of someone’s identity
              • An-Na — sky stone; tin; yes
                • An — sky
                • Na — pebble, rock, ordinary stone; stone weight; token; hailstone; chest, box
            • Mfkzt — supposed Egyptian word for Mono-atomic/White-powder Gold, or “Highward Fire-Stone” — false etymology
          3. “Stone/Fallen/Sinking from (the) Heaven(s)”
            • Sometimes equated with an “Emerald” that Fell from Heaven
            • Lapis ex Coelis/Caelis
              • Lapis — stone; checkpoint
              • Ex — from, of, out, out from, out of, from within, utterly, thoroughly, not, without
              • Coelis — heavens, sky, heaven, space, air, climate, weather
              • Caelis — heaven, sky, atmosphere, climate, weather
            • Lapsi ex Caelis
              • Lapsi — sinking, fallen
              • Ex — from, of, out, out from, out of, from within, utterly, thoroughly, not, without
              • Caelis — heaven, sky, atmosphere, climate, weather
          4. “Stone of the Philosophers”
            • Lapis Philosophorum
              • Lapis — stone; checkpoint
              • Philosophorum — of the Philosophers
            • Synonyms (as reflected in a false etymology for Lapis Elixir)
              • Elixir of Life
              • Elixir of Immortality
          5. “Stone/Fallen/Sinking from within That/Those Person(s)”
            • Lapis Exil(l)is/Exillas
              • Lapis — stone; checkpoint
              • Exilis — cxilis; slender, thin, feeble, small, lean; meager, poor; not full
              • Exillas/Exillis — Ex Illis
              • The stone that burned the phoenix to death and brought it back to like from ashes — false etymology
              • Deriving from ‘Lapis Excilii’ as ‘Stone of Death’, ‘Stone of Destruction’, and ‘Stone of Dissolution’ — false etymologies
              • Lapis Excilii means Stone of Exile or Exciled Stone
              • Lapis Exilii/Exulis (Stone of Exile)
              • Lapis Exsulis (Exiles Stone)
            • (Lapsit Exillis)/(Lapsi ex Illis)
              • Lapsi — sinking, fallen
              • Ex — from, of, out, out from, out of, from within, utterly, thoroughly, not, without
              • Illis — that/those person(s) (‘he’, ‘she’, or ‘it’), what
              • The stone that burned the phoenix to death and brought it back to like from ashes — false etymology
              • Stone of Death — false etymology
              • Philosophers Stone — false etymology
            • Lapis Judaicus/Iudaicus
              • Lapis — stone; checkpoint
              • Judaicus/Iudaicus — of the Jews
              • The name given to the spines of certain cidaroid echinoids, especially Balanocidaris
              • Used extensively as a prophylactic and treatment for various common and painful urinary disorders
                • bladder stones
                • kidney stones
                • dysurea
              • Has a long folklore pedigree extending from classical times, especially in the Mediterranean area
            • Stone of the Stars — false etymology
  3. “Grail” in Literature
    1. Introduction to the “Grail” in Literature
    2. Earliest Reference(s) in Literature
      1. Gradale (Of the Grail)
        1. by Waleran (AD 717/719)
        2. as reported by the Twelfth/Thirteenth century AD Cistercian monk Héli(-n)and(us) de/of Froidmont
        3. in his Chronicon (compiled from AD 1211 to AD 1223)
        4. “The Grail” as gradale/gradalis/graalz/greal
          1. “a wide and somewhat hollowed-out vessel in which delicious food is served to the rich, the single pieces being arranged in rows.
              It is commonly called a greal, partly because it is pleasing to eat from, partly on account of the vessel itself which is perhaps of silver
              or some other precious metal, and partly because of the contents — a plentiful arrangement of delicious foods.”
          2. a wide (broad), deep (capacious) saucer/dish/salver
          3. scutella lata et aliquantulum profunda
      2. Perceval, or Le Conte du Graal (Perceval, or The Story of the Grail)
        1. by Chrétien de Troyes
        2. AD 1176/1180/1191
        3. “A Grail” as un graal
          1. beautiful golden dish
          2. with some mysterious properties
        4. Grail and Rose
          1. Introduction to Grail and Rose
            • Potent Symbols of the Magical Effects of Language
            • When Language Translates Aggression into Poetry
          2. Un-Holy Grail as a Vacant Container
          3. Un-Ideal Rose as a Strategy of Conquest
    3. Grail’s history in the time of Joseph of Arimathea
      1. Introduction to the Grail’s history in the time of Joseph of Arimathea
      2. Verses by Rigaut/Rigaud(us)/Richart(z) de Berbezilh/Berbezill(o)/Barbesiu/Barbezieux in his Vida
        1. A late Twelfth/early Thirteenth century AD Provençal troubadour (flourished AD 1140/1163)
        2. Where mention is made of Perceval, the Lance, and the Grail
          1. “Like Perceval when he lived, who stood amazed in contemplation,
              so that he was quite unable to ask what purpose the lance and grail served”
          2. Attressi con Persavaus el temps que vivia, que sesbait d’esgarder tant
              qu’anc non saup demandar de que servia la lansa ni-l grazaus
      3. Robert de Boron’s Joseph d’Arimathie (Joseph of Arimathea)
      4. Robert de Boron’s Merlin
      5. Robert de Boron’s Didot-Perceval
      6. Estoire del Saint Grail (History of the Holy Grail, or Vulagte Merlin, or Prose Merlin) of the Vulgate Cycle
      7. Suite du Merlin, or Huth-Merlin (Continuation of Merlin) of the Post-Vulgate Cycle
    4. King Arthur’s Knights visiting the Grail Castle — Questing after the Grail
      1. Introduction to King Arthur’s Knights visiting the Grail Castle — Questing after the Grail
      2. Chrétien de Troyes’ Perceval
      3. Four continuations of Chrétien’s Perceval
        1. Wauchier of Denain’s (Gauchier of Donaing’s) First Continuation of Perceval
        2. Gauchier of Donaing’s (Wauchier of Denain’s) Second Continuation
        3. Manessier’s Third
        4. Gerbert de Montreuil’s Fourth
      4. Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival (Perceval)
        1. Written from an authentic original Grail story given by Kyot of Provence
        2. Based on an earlier Arabic original
          1. Found in Toledo by Kyot
          2. Written by Flegetanis the Jew in c 1200 BC
          3. In Persian, Flegetanis means “familiar with the stars”
      5. Perlesvaus, or Le/Li Haut Livre(s) du Graal (Perceval, or The High Book of the Grail)
      6. Lancelot Propre (Lancelot Proper) of the Vulgate Cycle
      7. Queste del Saint Graal (Quest of the Holy Grail) of the Vulgate Cycle
      8. Robert de Boron’s Didot-Perceval
      9. Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Crône (The Crown)
      10. Peredur (Perceval), generally included in the Mabinogi (Mabinogion)
      11. Albrecht von Scharfenberg’s Der Jüngere(r)/Jungerer Titurel (The Younger Titurel)
      12. (De) Sone de Nancy/Nansey/Nansay/Nansai/Nausay (Sueno of/from Nanbsheim)
      13. Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (The Death of Arthur)
  4. The Grail Kingdom, Castle, Family, and Heroes/Knights/Princes
    1. Introduction to The Grail Kingdom, Castle, Family, and Heroes/Knights/Princes
    2. The Grail Kingdom
      1. Introduction to The Grail Kingdom
      2. Terre Salvæsche (Land of Salvation)
      3. In the Vulgate Cycle
        1. Strange Land (Listenois)
        2. Waste Land
      4. The Foreign Country
      5. Logres
    3. The Grail Castle — ‘Court of Joy’
      1. Introduction to The Grail Castle — ‘Court of Joy’
      2. Corben(ic)/Corbenit/Corbin/Carbone(c)k/Corlenot/(Holy Vessel)/((Chastiaus del) Cor Beneit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Horn — cors benoiz/benôit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Body — cors benoit)/(the Land Beyond)
        1. Castle of Brân’s/Bran’s/Crow’s Settlement/Fortress (Castell Dinas Brân/Bran)
        2. Caer-Benwick (Stronghold/Fortress/Citadel of Benoic)
      3. The White Castle (Whittington Castle, Whittington, Shropshire)
        1. In Chrétien de Troyes’ Perceval, or Le Conte del Graal, it is called The White Castle
        2. In Robert de Boron’s Didot(-)Perceval, it is called The White Castle in The White Town
        3. In Wauchier of Denain’s First Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval, it is called The White Castle in The White Town in The White Land
        4. In (Historia Peredur, neu) Peredur (fab Efrawg/Efrawc), it is called The White Castle in The White Town in The White Land in the Old Marches
      4. (Adventurous (Palace))/(Palace of Adventures)/(the Castle Adventurous)
      5. Montsalvasch/Munsalvæsche/(Mons Salvationis)/Monsalvat/(Mount Salvat)
        1. Montségur, Ariège, France
        2. Monistrol de Montserrat, Catalonia
          1. Mare de Déu de Montserrat (Virgin of Montserrat)
          2. La Moreneta in the Benedictine abbey of Santa Maria de Montserrat
      6. Mont-Saint-Michel/(Mont Saint Miché)/(Menez (Sant) Mikael ar Mor)/(Saint Michael’s Mount)
      7. Illes
      8. (Château de Puivert)/(Puyvert Chateau)
      9. (Castle of Souls)/(Castle of Joy)/“Eden”/“Avalon”
      10. (Harā Barazaitī)/(Harā Bṛzatī)/“Mountain Rampart”/(Alborz/Alburz/Elborz/Elburz) [highest peak is Mount Damavand]
      11. Alamut/(الموت)/“eagle’s nest” Castle
      12. Al-Kahf Castle (Castle of the Cave, قلعة الكهف, Qalʻat al-Kahf) in al-Ansariyah mountains
      13. Takht-e Jamshid/‘Throne of Jamshid’ (Persepolis/𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿/Pārsa/تخت جمشید)
      14. Parwan (Parvan, پروان) containing Golghondi Hill (“the flower hill”)
      15. Mount Madai (Gunung Madai) in Sabah, Malaysia
      16. Mount Elbrus, highest peak in Caucasus Mountains
      17. (Castel del Monte)/(Castìdde du Monte)/“Castle of the Mountain”), Apulia
      18. (Gohort)
      19. (Rock of Canguin)
      20. (Shambhala शम्भल, Śambhala, Shambal(l)a, བདེ་འབྱུང, Bde'byung, 香巴拉, Xiāngbālā)
      21. (Hebron)
      22. “Holy Mountain of God” in the centre of “Atlantis”
    4. The Grail Family
      1. Introduction to The Grail Family
      2. ((Rich) Fisher Kings)/Ab.Gal/Apkallu/U.An/U(-)an(na)/(wise/sage/expert)/Umm(i)ânù/(scholar)/Annedotus/(spiritual dragon-fish)/(men-fish)
        1. Introduction to ((Rich) Fisher Kings)/Ab.Gal/Apkallu/U.An/U(-)an(na)/(wise/sage/expert)/Umm(i)ânù/(scholar)/Annedotus/(spiritual dragon-fish)/(men-fish)
        2. Viṣṇu/Vishnu
        3. En.Ki/Ea
        4. O.An(.Nes)/Oan(nes)/U(-)an(na)/(Ab.Gal/Apkallu/((the) wise/sage/expert)) (Adapa/Adam)/adapa/((the) wise/sage/expert) Musarus/(dragon)
          1. The Apkallu/U(-)an(na)/(wise/sage(s)/expert(s)) are the half-fish/fish-men
          2. Umm(i)ânù are the (sages/scholars)/craftsmen
          3. O.An(.Nes)/Oan(nes)/U(-)an(na) Adapa/adapa/((the) wise/sage/expert) was the first incarnation of the fish-men, a fisherman, one of the “Seven Sages”
            • The First “Seven Sages”
              • U(-)an(na) Adapa/adapa/(Adam)/En.Lil (who finished the plans for heaven and earth)
              • U(-)an(ne)(-)dug(g)a/(Seth) (who was endowed with comprehensive intelligence/understanding)
              • Enmedug(g)a/(Enosh) (who was allotted a good fate/destiny)
              • Enmegalam(m)a/(Kenan) (who was born in a house)
              • Enmebulug(g)a/(Mahalalel) (who grew up on pasture land)
              • An(-)Enlilda/(Jared) (the conjurer of the city of Eridu)
              • Utuabzu/(Enoch/Chănôkh/Henoch) (who ascended to heaven)
            • The Next “Sage” and Eight “Scholars”
              • Nungalpirigal
              • Sin-leqi-unnini
              • Kabti-ili-Marduk
              • Sidu/Enlil-ibni
              • Gimil-Gula and Taqis-Gula
              • Esagil-kin-apli
              • Esagil-kin-ubba
              • Aba-Enlil-dari/Ahiqar
          4. The Musarus/Musaris/(dragon) O.An(.Nes)/Oan(nes)/(wise/sages/experts) is the Annedotus/(spiritual dragon-fish)/(men-fish) from the Erythræan sea
          5. The fish in question is the carp
        5. Euedo(res)c(h)us/Eneugamus/Eneuboulus/Anementus/(Cain), son of En.Ki
        6. Anadophus/Annedotus/(Enoch)/(son of Acdoreschus/Acdorescfaus/Cain)
        7. Odacon/Odakon/Kulullû/ku-lú-u-lu/fish-man
        8. San-Ga-Lu-Gal/(head-the-gentleman-large)/Priest-King Adapa/Atab(ba)/Abba the Adâma/(earthling)/Adam of Elda and Kish
        9. Tammuz/Dumu(-)zi(d)/(true son of the deep water)/𒌉𒍣/Duʾūzu/Dûzu/תַּמּוּז/DMZ
          1. Identified with a God who was formerly worshipped in the city of Lagash
          2. It is clear from the name of this God that he was originally a Goddess
          3. The name 𒀭𒂼𒃲𒁔𒀭𒈾 ((d)Ama.Ušumgal.An(.N)a, (divine-)mother.a-giant-horned-serpent-with-fangs-and-a-venomous-spit.sky.the) is that of a female
          4. “a-giant-horned-serpent-with-fangs-and-a-venomous-spit” is most commonly translated as “Dragon” or “Basilisk”
          5. Therefore, “(divine-)mother.a-giant-horned-serpent-with-fangs-and-a-venomous-spit.sky.the” would be “The Divine-Mother Sky Dragon/Basilisk”
        10. Ptah/Ptḥ/Piˈtaħ/Φθά/ⲡⲧⲁϩ/𐤐𐤕𐤇,[2
        11. (Tawûsî Melek)/(تاوسی مەلەک)/(Tawisi Malak)/(Tawûsê Melek)/(Melekê Tawûs)/(Melek Taus)/(Malka Tausa)/(Peacock Angel)(/Adam-Murrugan/Kumara)
        12. Jamshid/جمشید/Jamshēd(/جم/Jam/Yima/یما/Yama/)(Yima + Xšaēta, Yama(h) + Xšaitah)/(Yama the brilliant/majestic)/(The Brilliant/Majestic Twin)
        13. Am(o)un/Am(m)on/Amen/Amana/Jmn/Jaˈmaːnuw/ʔaˈmaːnəʔ/ʔaˈmoːn/Ⲁⲙⲟⲩⲛ/Ἄμμων/Ámmōn/Ἅμμων/Hámmōn/𐤀𐤌𐤍/ʾMn
        14. Khnum/Khnemu/Kəˈnuːm/𓎸𓅱𓀭/ẖnmw/Χνοῦβις
        15. Ȧ(u)s(ȧ)r/Ser/Osiris
        16. Dhwty/Djehuti/Djehuty/Jehuti/Tahuti/(Ta(a)utus)/Zehuti/Teḥuti/Techu/Tetu/Theyt/Thoth
        17. Qa'a/Qa-ā/(Sen)/Qáa/Ka'a/Biénechês/Óubiênthis/Víbenthis
        18. Unas/Unás/Unȧs/Wenis/Unis/Oenas/Onnos/Honnos/Ὁννος
        19. Viracocha/Wiracocha/Wiraqucha/(fat/foam of the sea)/(Wila Quta)/(blood lake)/(Apu Qun Tiqsi Wiraqutra)/Con-Tici/Kon-Tiki
        20. Rangi(nui)/Raki(nui)
        21. Ouranos/Οὐρανός/Uranus
        22. Zeos/Ζεός/Zeus/Ζεύς
        23. Poseidon/Ποσειδῶν
          1. Βοσ-Ειδων/Bos-Eidon/(bull of heaven)
          2. Apsu-Adon/(abyss lord)/(father of fresh water)
        24. Pelias/Πελίας
        25. Iphiclos/Ifiklos/Ἱφικλος
        26. Peleus
          1. Hero
          2. King of Phthia
          3. Husband of Thetis
          4. Father of Achilles
        27. Dionysos/Diṓnusos/Διόνυσος/Dionysus/(Iacchus)/(Zagreus)/(Bacchus/Bákkhos/Βάκχος)/Liber
        28. Orpheus/Ὀρφεύς
        29. Manawydan/Manannán/Mandubracios/Mandubracius/Mandubratius/Mannuētiagnos/(son of Mannuētios)
          1. mac/(m)ap/fab/(son of) Imanuentius/Inianuvetitius/Inianuvetutus/Imannuetitius/Mannuētios/Allód/Le(a)r/Lir/Llŷr and Penardim/Penard(d)un
        30. Quetzalcoatl/Quetzalcōātl/(serpent of precious feathers)/(wisest of men)
        31. Yeshu(a)/Iēsoûs/Ἰησοῦς/Iesus/Jesus
        32. Joseph of Arimathea
        33. (Afallach/Abellio/?Ablach?/Apollo)/Evelak(e)/(Evalac(h) (li Mesconneus))/Mordrain(s)/Mordrayns/Mordrayous/Magdrains/Mogdains/(Mondrames de Sarras)
        34. (He)bron(s)/Brân/Bran/Brennus(/Gron — King of the Wasteland)
        35. Efrawg/Evrawg/Ef(ra)wc/Eburaco/Alein/Aleyn/Ala(i)n/(noble) (le/li Gros)/(the thickset/fat)
        36. Titurel
        37. Frimutel
        38. Anfortas/(enfer(me)tez/infirmity)/((in fortis)/(in strength))/Amfortas/Boaz/(Alfon-Rex)/(Alfonso I)
        39. Parlan/Parian/Pellehan(s)/Phellehen/Pellehem/Pelham/Pell(e)am(/Gron/Bron) — King of the Wasteland (The Maimed King)
        40. Pellinore/Pel(l)ino(i)r(o)/Pellanor/Pelleore/Pelletor/Pollinor(/Belenos/(Beli Mawr)/Apollo)
          1. King of the Isles
          2. The Knight with the Strange Beast
        41. Pell(e)(a)s/Pe(r)(i)les/Pelleur/Pesles/Pellé(/Belenos/Pwyll/Apollo) de/of Listenois/Ly(s)tenois/Bristenois
          1. Fisher King
          2. Of Corben(ic)/Corbenit/Corbin/Carbone(c)k/Corlenot/(Holy Vessel)/((Chastiaus del) Cor Beneit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Horn — cors benoiz/benôit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Body — cors benoit)/(the Land Beyond)
        42. Peredur/Perceval/Percival(e)/Parzival/Parsifal/(Rotrou II)
        43. Lohe(ra)ngrin
        44. Godfrey/God(e)froi/Godefroy/Godfried/Gottfried/Godefridus (of/de) Bouillon/Bullionensis
      3. The Grail Guardians/Keepers/(custodians/holders)
        1. Introduction to The Grail Guardians/Keepers/(custodians/holders)
        2. Joseph of Arimathea
        3. (Afallach/Abellio/?Ablach?/Apollo)/Evelak(e)/(Evalac(h) (li Mesconneus))/Mordrain(s)/Mordrayns/Mordrayous/Magdrains/Mogdains/(Mondrames de Sarras)
        4. (He)bron(s)/Brân/Bran/Brennus(/Gron — King of the Wasteland)
        5. Efrawg/Evrawg/Ef(ra)wc/Eburaco/Alein/Aleyn/Ala(i)n/(noble) (le/li Gros)/(the thickset/fat)
        6. Titurel
        7. Frimutel
        8. Anfortas/(enfer(me)tez/infirmity)/((in fortis)/(in strength))/Amfortas/Boaz/(Alfon-Rex)/(Alfonso I)
        9. Parlan/Parian/Pellehan(s)/Phellehen/Pellehem/Pelham/Pell(e)am(/Gron/Bron) — King of the Wasteland (The Maimed King)
        10. Pellinore/Pel(l)ino(i)r(o)/Pellanor/Pelleore/Pelletor/Pollinor(/Belenos/(Beli Mawr)/Apollo)
          1. King of the Isles
          2. The Knight with the Strange Beast
        11. Pell(e)(a)s/Pe(r)(i)les/Pelleur/Pesles/Pellé(/Belenos/Pwyll/Apollo) de/of Listenois/Ly(s)tenois/Bristenois
          1. Fisher King
          2. Of Corben(ic)/Corbenit/Corbin/Carbone(c)k/Corlenot/(Holy Vessel)/((Chastiaus del) Cor Beneit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Horn — cors benoiz/benôit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Body — cors benoit)/(the Land Beyond)
        12. Peredur/Perceval/Percival(e)/Parzival/Parsifal/(Rotrou II)
        13. Lohe(ra)ngrin
        14. Additional Grail Keepers/Guardians/(bearers/holders)
          1. Mary Magdalene
          2. Saints Mary of the Sea
          3. Bartholomew
          4. Philip
          5. Lorenzo/Lawrence
          6. Lazarus
          7. Godfrey/God(e)froi/Godefroy/Godfried/Gottfried/Godefridus (of/de) Bouillon/Bullionensis
      4. The (Grail/Wounded/Maimed Kings)/(Rich Fishers)
        1. Introduction to The (Grail/Wounded/Maimed Kings)/(Rich Fishers)
        2. (Afallach/Abellio/?Ablach?/Apollo)/Evelak(e)/(Evalac(h) (li Mesconneus))/Mordrain(s)/Mordrayns/Mordrayous/Magdrains/Mogdains/(Mondrames de Sarras)
        3. (He)bron(s)/Brân/Bran/Brennus(/Gron — King of the Wasteland)
        4. Efrawg/Evrawg/Ef(ra)wc/Eburaco/Alein/Aleyn/Ala(i)n/(noble) (le/li Gros)/(the thickset/fat)
        5. Titurel
        6. Frimutel
        7. Anfortas/(enfer(me)tez/infirmity)/((in fortis)/(in strength))/Amfortas/Boaz/(Alfon-Rex)/(Alfonso I)
        8. Parlan/Parian/Pellehan(s)/Phellehen/Pellehem/Pelham/Pell(e)am(/Gron/Bron) — King of the Wasteland (The Maimed King)
        9. Pellinore/Pel(l)ino(i)r(o)/Pellanor/Pelleore/Pelletor/Pollinor(/Belenos/(Beli Mawr)/Apollo)
          1. King of the Isles
          2. The Knight with the Strange Beast
        10. Pell(e)(a)s/Pe(r)(i)les/Pelleur/Pesles/Pellé(/Belenos/Pwyll/Apollo) de/of Listenois/Ly(s)tenois/Bristenois
          1. Fisher King
          2. Of Corben(ic)/Corbenit/Corbin/Carbone(c)k/Corlenot/(Holy Vessel)/((Chastiaus del) Cor Beneit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Horn — cors benoiz/benôit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Body — cors benoit)/(the Land Beyond)
        11. Peredur/Perceval/Percival(e)/Parzival/Parsifal/(Rotrou II)
        12. Lohe(ra)ngrin
        13. Additional (Grail/Wounded/Maimed Kings)/(Rich Fishers)
          1. Messios/Messois [from Perlesvaus]
          2. Arthur [from Perlesvaus]
          3. Merlin
      5. The (Grail/Dragon Queens)/(Serpent Ladies)
        1. Introduction to The (Grail/Dragon Queens)/(Serpent Ladies)
        2. Kuliltu/(fish-woman)
        3. Ishtar/(Attar)/Inanna/(nin-an-ak)/(lady-sky-of)/((lady/queen) of heaven)/(Hannahannah)
        4. Tethra/(sea)/(scald-crow/Badb)/(tet(e)ro)/(quacking sound)
        5. Papa(tūānuku)
        6. Demeter/Dēmḗtēr/Δημήτηρ/Dāmā́tēr/Δαμάτηρ/(Cybele/Ceres)
        7. Queen of Sheba
        8. Mary the Mother of Jesus (Blessed Virgin Mary)
        9. The Three Marys — Saintes Maries de la Mer—Marseille
          1. Mary Salome
          2. Mary Magdalene as Wife of Jesus
          3. Mary of Clopas (Cleophas)
        10. Saint Martha
        11. Saint Sarah (Sara-la-Kali)
        12. Boudic(c)a (boudi ‘victory, win’ + kā ‘having’ = ‘Victorious Woman’, Boadicea, Boudicea, Buddug
        13. Saint Helena
        14. Flavia Maxima Fausta
        15. Guinevere/Guanhumara
        16. (Re(s)panse de Schoye/Joie)/(répandre joie)/(spread joy)
        17. Euphemia
        18. Theodora
        19. Aelia Sophia
        20. Melusina
        21. Queen Adelaide of Aquitaine and Poitiers
        22. Sancha of Leon
        23. Urraca of Zamora
        24. Urraca of Castile
        25. Queen Melisende
        26. Empress Matilda
        27. Saint Euphrosyne of Polotsk
        28. Eleanor of Aquitaine
        29. Countess Joan of Toulouse
        30. Joan of Arc
      6. Other Family Members
        1. Archangel Raphael/Rafael/Israfel/Afarol/Afarof/Afriel/(strength/power has healed, strength/power cures) as Guardian of the Holy Grail
        2. Godfrey/God(e)froi/Godefroy/Godfried/Gottfried/Godefridus (of/de) Bouillon/Bullionensis
          1. As the grandson/descendant of Parzival or Lohe(ra)ngrin
          2. The Last of the Grail Guardians
    5. The Grail Heroes/Knights/Princes
      1. Introduction to The Grail Heroes/Knights/Princes
      2. Vishnu
      3. Ashwini (horse possessors), sons of Surya and Sanjna
        1. Kumaras
        2. Asvinau
      4. Sabazios
      5. Thracian Horseman
      6. Joseph of Arimathea
      7. Jesus
      8. Longinus
      9. Saint Maximinus of Aix
      10. Saint Mercurius
      11. Demetrios of Thessaloniki
      12. Saint George
      13. Saint Expeditus
      14. Saint Menas
      15. King Arthur
        1. In the prototype Grail story of Preiddeu Annwn
          1. Arthur and his Warriors seek the Cauldron of Annwn
          2. 700 set out and only 7 return
        2. In Perlesvaus, or Le/Li Hauz Livre(s) du Graal
          1. King Arthur journeys to the Chapel of Saint Augustine (“White Chapel”) in the White Forest
          2. He has a supernatural encounter that includes a vision
      16. Sir Perceval
      17. Sir Gawain, in Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Crône (The (Bejewelled) Crown)
      18. Sir Hector
      19. Sir Bors
      20. Sir Lancelot
      21. Sir Galahad
      22. Templeisen
        1. A Formidable Force of Fighting Men
          1. Who guarded the Grail
          2. Assumed to be Templar Knights
        2. In Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival
      23. Aragonese Militia Christi of Alfonso of Aragon and Navarre
      24. Confraternity of Belchite
      25. Military Order of Monreal
      26. Order of Alcántara
      27. Order of Calatrava
      28. Order of Santiago
      29. Military Order of Monreal
      30. Order of Montesa
      31. Saint Phanourios
  5. The Grail Chapel/Church, Processions, Maidens/Virgins/Ladies/Matrons/Princesses/(bearers), and Questions
    1. Introduction to The Grail Chapel/Church, Processions, Maidens/Virgins/Ladies/Matrons/Princesses/(bearers), and Questions
    2. The Grail Chapel/Church
      1. Introduction to The Grail Chapel/Church
      2. Located inside Castle of Souls (Castle of Joy, “Eden”, “Avalon”)
      3. As presented in Perlesvaus, or Le/Li Hauz Livre(s) du Graal (The High Book(s)/History of the Grail)
    3. The Grail Processions
      1. Introduction to The Grail Processions
      2. In Castle Corbenic
      3. At The Fisher King’s Feast
    4. The Grail Maidens/Virgins/Ladies/Matrons/Princesses/(bearers)
      1. Introduction to The Grail Maidens/Virgins/Ladies/Matrons/Princesses/(bearers)
      2. Grail Maiden/Virgin/Lady/Matron/Princess/(bearer) Description
        1. Rose of Sharon
        2. House of the Sun
      3. Specific Grail Maidens/Virgins/Ladies/Matrons/Princesses/(bearers)
        1. Ecclesia (העלמה מרים הכנסייה — Hālmh Mrym Hknsyyh — Maiden Miriam the Church)
        2. (Viscountess) Esclarmonde/(light of the world) of Foix (AD 1152 to 1244)
        3. Comtesse Clárischanze/Clarischanze/(Clarissant — Gawain’s sister [from Chrétien’s Perceval]) de Tenabroc [from Wolfram’s Parzival]
        4. (Re(s)panse de Schoye/Joie)/(répandre joie)/(spread joy) [from Wolfram’s Parzival]
        5. Elaine/Helen/Amite/Helizabel/(Gwallwen)
          1. Of Corben(ic)/Corbenit/Corbin/Carbone(c)k/Corlenot/(Holy Vessel)/((Chastiaus del) Cor Beneit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Horn — cors benoiz/benôit)/((Castle of the) Blessed Body — cors benoit)/(the Land Beyond)
          2. [from Vulgate Cycle]
        6. Other Grail Maidens/Virgins/Ladies/Matrons/Princesses/(bearers)
          1. Maidens of the Wells
          2. Naiades: Fresh-Water Nymphs
    5. The Grail Questions
      1. Introduction to The Grail Questions
      2. “What is the Grail?” or the un-asked question
      3. “Who is served by the Grail?” or “Whom does it serve?”
      4. “What ails thee? (What is it that troubles you?)”
      5. Statement made by Gawain: “For the sake of God and His majesty, tell me the meaning of this large assembly and miracle!”
  6. Folklore Forms and Motifs related to “Grails”
    1. Introduction to Folklore Forms and Motifs related to “Grails”
    2. Forms related to “Grails”
      1. Introduction to Forms related to “Grails”
      2. Vessel Forms
        1. Introduction to Vessel Forms
        2. Cauldron
        3. Kettle
        4. Cup
        5. Skull
        6. Horn
        7. Bowl
        8. Urn
        9. Jar
        10. Chalice
        11. Grail
        12. Dish
        13. Platter
        14. Basin
      3. Non-Vessel Forms
        1. Introduction to Non-Vessel Forms
        2. Lance
        3. Ring
        4. Milk/Water/Sea/Blood
        5. Meal
        6. Crystal/Ruby/Stone
        7. Silver/Gold
        8. Gold Crowns
        9. Bamboo
        10. Wood
        11. Fish
        12. Fox
        13. Crane
        14. Crab
        15. Bones
        16. Soul
    3. Motif Categories related to “Grails”
      1. Introduction to Motif Categories related to “Grails”
      2. Mythological
      3. Animals
      4. Tabu
      5. Magic
      6. The Dead
      7. Marvels
      8. Ogres
      9. Identity Tests (Recognition)
      10. The Wise and the Foolish
      11. Deceptions
      12. Ordaining the Future
      13. Chance and Fate
      14. Society
      15. Rewards and Punishments
      16. Pursuits
      17. Unnatural Cruelty
      18. Sex
      19. Religion
      20. Traits of Character
      21. Humour
      22. Unique Exceptions
  7. The Grail as Deity — “A Cup of God”
    1. Introduction to The Grail as Deity — “A Cup of God”
    2. Service
    3. Judgement
  8. Occurrences of “Grail” (by various names and descriptions) in Related “Literature”
    1. Preiddeu Annw(fy)n (Spoils of Annwn), from Llyfr Taliessin (Book of Taliesin). early 14th Century AD, originally Ninth Century AD (c AD 900).
    2. de Berbezilh/Berbezill(o)/Barbesiu/Barbezieux, Rigaut/Rigaud(us)/Richart(z). Atressi con Persavaus (Atressi with Perceval). AD 1140/1163.
    3. de Troyes, Chrétien. Perceval, or Le Conte del Graal (Perceval, or The Story/Tale of the Grail). late Twelfth Century AD (AD 1176/1180/1190/1191).
    4. of Denain, Wauchier (Gauchier of Donaing). First Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval. AD 1195/1200.
    5. de Boron, Robert. Merlin. AD 1191/1195/1202/1210.
    6. de Boron, Robert. Joseph d’Arimathie (Joseph of Arimathea),
               or Le Roman de l’Estoire dou Graal (Li Romanz de l’Estoire dou Graal) (The Romance of the History of the Grail),
               or Le Petit Saint Graal (The Lesser Holy Grail). late Twelfth/early Thirteenth Century AD (AD 1190/1191/1202/1210).
    7. of Donaing, Gauchier (Wauchier of Denain). Second Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval. c AD 1200.
    8. Y Seint Greal (The Holy Grail). c AD 1200.
    9. (Historia Peredur, neu) Peredur (fab Efrawg/Efrawc) ((History of Perceval, or) Perceval (son of Ebrauc/Eburac/Ivory)).
               mid Thirteenth Century AD (AD 1150).
    10. von Eschenbach, Wolfram. Parzival (Perceval). late Twelfth/early Thirteenth Century AD (AD 1200/1210).
    11. Culhwch ac Olwen (Culhwch/Kilhwch and Olwen/Olwyn),
               from Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch (White Book of Rhydderch) c AD 1325 and Llyfr Coch Hergest (Red Book of Hergest) c AD 1400.
    12. Perlesvaus, or Le/Li Hauz Livre(s) du Graal (The High Book(s)/History of the Grail).
               early Thirteenth Century AD (AD 1192/1205/1220/1225).
    13. de Boron, Robert. Didot(-)Perceval, or Romance of Perceval in Prose, or the Prose Perceval. AD 1200/1220/1230.
    14. de/of Froidmont (Frigidimontis), Helinando (Héli(-n)and(us)). Chronicon (Chronicle). AD 1211/1223.
    15. Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal (Quest of the Holy Grail). AD 1210s/1215/1230.
    16. Vulgate Lancelot Propre (Lancelot Proper). AD 1210s/1215/1230.
    17. von dem Türlin, Heinrich. Diu Crône (The (Bejewelled) Crown). AD 1224/1230.
    18. Vulgate/Post-Vulgate Estoire del Saint Grail (History of the Holy Grail), or L’Estoire de Merlin (The History of Merlin), or Prose Merlin.
               early Thirteenth Century AD (AD 1220/1230s/1235).
    19. Manessier. Third Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval. c AD 1230.
    20. de Montreuil, Gerbert/Gilbert. Fourth Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval. c AD 1230.
    21. Vulgate Suite du Merlin (Story of Merlin). AD 1220/1230s/1235.
    22. Post-Vulgate Huth-Merlin (Continuation of Merlin, or The Merlin Continuation). AD 1230/1240.
    23. Post-Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal (Quest of the Holy Grail). AD 1230/1240.
    24. van Mærlant, Jacob. Historie van den Grale (History of the Grail). c AD 1261.
    25. von Scharfenberg, Albrecht. Der Jüngere(r)/Jungerer Titurel (The Younger Titurel). c AD 1270s (c AD 1260/1272/1275).
    26. (De) Sone de Nancy/Nansey/Nansay/Nansai/Nausay (Sueno of/from Nanbsheim). Thirteenth Century AD (AD 1267/1270/1280).
    27. A Demanda do Santo/Santa Graal (The Demand/Quest of the Holy Grail). late Thirteenth(/early Fourteenth) Century AD.
    28. Queeste vanden Grale (Quest of/for the Grail). AD 1322/1323.
    29. Perceforest (Pierce the Forest). AD 1330/1344.
               (The most complete of the four manuscripts known is “Manuscript C”.)
               (It was written by David Aubert, c AD 1459/1460; for Duc Philippe de Bourgogne le Bon.)
    30. De Sancto Joseph ab Arimathia (Of Saint Joseph of Arimathea).
               written AD 1350/1375, as Joseph of Arimathie (Joseph of Arimathea).
               printed AD 1516, as De Sancto Joseph ab Arimathia.
    31. Lovelich, Henry. History of the Holy Grail. c AD 1450.
    32. Malory, Syr Thomas. (Le) Morte Darthur (The Death of Arthur, or, as originally titled, The Whole Book of King Arthur and His Noble Knights of the Round Table).
               This ‘Winchester Manuscript’ was published AD 1469/1470/1481/1483.
    33. Malory, Sir Thomas. Le Morte d’Arthur (The Death of Arthur). Printed by William Caxton in AD 1485.
    34. Here Begynneth the Lyfe of Ioseph of Armathia with a Praysing to Ioseph (Here Begins the Life of Joseph of Arimathea with a Praising to Joseph). AD 1502/AD 1520.
    35. La Demanda del San(c)to Grial (The Demand/Quest of the Holy Grail). AD 1515/1535.
    36. The Lyfe of Joseph of Armathy (The Life of Joseph of Arimathea). Sixteenth Century AD (c AD 1520).
  9. Astrological Sign Associated with The Grail - Pisces — Jupiter- — Water
  10. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of The Grail
    1. Geography of The Grail
    2. Genealogy of The Grail
    3. Timeline of The Grail
Epilogical Grail Musings by Broadly John Knight
 
Afterword by Katie Anderson

“There is more of Rome*, than of Romance, about Arthuriana”Glyn Hnutu-healh
 
*and Achaea, Akkad, Alans, Anglia, Arameans, Armorica, Assyria, Babylon, Briton, Cambria, Canaan, Cornwall, Crete, Cumbria, Dalriada, Domnonia, Egypt,
Etruscans, ExtraTerrestrials, France, Frisia, Gaul, Greece, Hindavi, Hittites, Huns, Hurrians, Idubor, Ireland, Judaea, Jutland, Lydia, Macedonia,
Mesopotamia, Mycenaea, Narts, Norse, Persia, Phoenicia, Phrygia, Picts, Saxony, Scotland, Semites, Sumer, Ugarit, and Wales — to name a few

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