Main     Introduction     History     Arthur   
Lady of Lake     Gawain     Morgan, Mordred, Avalon   
Camelot     Tristan, Isolde     Grail     Guinevere   
Round Table, Knights     Perceval, Galahad   
Excalibur     Merlin     Lancelot     Compendium   
Sources     Email Glyn Hnutu-healh   
 
The Lady of the Lake,
Sacred Feminine of Logres

None of the line items that are included in the following outline are meant to be links.
The outline itself represents the material that is to be covered in the upcoming book known by the above title (available after December 2025).

Foreword by Martini Fisher

  1. Introduction to The Lady of the Lake, Sacred Feminine of Logres
  2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name “The Lady of the Lake”, Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”, and Other Similar Females
    1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name “The Lady of the Lake”, Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”, and Other Similar Females
    2. Meaning and Origin of The Name “The Lady of the Lake”
      1. Introduction to the Meaning and Origin of The Lady of the Lake’s Name
      2. As Title
        1. “Lady/Dam(o)sel of the Lake”
          1. French: “Dame/Damoisele du/del Lac”
          2. Welsh: “Arglwyddes y Llyn”
          3. Cornish: “Arloedhes an Lynn”
          4. Breton: “Itron an Lenn”
          5. Italian: “Dama del Lago”
        2. “Mysterious Lady”
        3. “Enigmatic Faery Woman”
      3. Various Individual Names
        1. (Mātronā/Modron)/(Morgan le Fay)/(Queen of Maidenland)/(Lady of the Sea) — son: Maponos/Mabon/Mabuz
        2. Margawse/Morgose/Morgause/Anna/(M)orc(h)ades/Sangive/(Siefe(/Anthonje))/Belisent/Gwyar
        3. Argante/Margant(e)
        4. Viv(i)an(e)/Vivien(ne)/Evien(n)e/Éviène/Nivian(e)/Niviene
          1. Ninian(n)e/Ninienue/Nimane/Nimiane
          2. Nimuë/Nimue/Nymenche
            • The name Nymenche is said to be derived from the Irish Niamh
            • As an otherworldly woman of Tír na nÓg
          3. Elain(n)e/Helaine/Heleyne
          4. Suniane/Uiuiane
        5. Nin(n)ian(n)e/Nimuë/Nineve
          1. Nin(n)ian(n)e/Nimiane/Niniame
            • Viviane
            • Nimuë/Nimue
            • Helaine/Heleyne
          2. Nimuë/Nimuè/Nimue/Nymue
            • Vivienne
            • Nimiane/Niniame/Nin(n)ian(n)e
            • Nineve
          3. Nineve/Nenive/Nyneue/Nynyve/Nenyve/Nyneve/Nynyue
            • Nin(n)ian(n)e/Nin(ian)a/Niniame/Nimiane
            • Nimuë/Nimue/Ny(u)nyue
            • Heleyne/Helaine
        6. Malvis
        7. Seraide/Saraiade/Celice
        8. Sebile (of the Castle) of the Lake/(Sebile (du Chastel) du Lac)/Lady of the Lake/(Dame du Lac)/Sebile of the Red Castle/(Sebile du Chastel Vermei)
          1. Various spellings of her name
            • Sedile
            • Sebille
            • Sibilla
            • Sibyl
            • Sybilla
          2. An Ally of Morgan le Fay
          3. Appears in Perceforest
          4. Becomes the Wife of Alexander the Great
          5. Is an ancestor of King Arthur
        9. Miyazu-hime, the Lady of the Lake
      4. The Lake itself
        1. Lac(h)
        2. Lais/Lays
    3. Existence of Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”
      1. Introduction to the Existence of Multiple Ladies of the Lake
      2. “The Lady of the Lake” as the titular name of the female ruler of “Avalon” — Lady Lile of Avel(i)on/Dame L’ile d’Avilion/Lady (of) the Isle of Avalon
        1. (Morgan le Fay)/Feimurgan/Morgana/Morgue/Morgen/Morgain/Morgayne — has at least one sister who is also the Lady of the Lake
        2. Argante/Margant(e)
        3. Viviane/Vivienne
          1. Possibly derived from the Welsh chwyfleian/hwimleian/chwibleiana/(wanderer of pallid countenance)
          2. She is sometimes referred to as Viviane del’Acqs
          3. Said to be born c AD 450
          4. Whose father is variously listed as
            • The King of Northumbria
            • The Knight Dyonas/Dionas
            • Amlawdd Wledig
            • Myrddin/Merlin
            • Or Taliesin
          5. As a daughter of the King of Northumbria
            • Viviane was born and lived in a magnificent castle
            • At the foot of a mountain in Brittany
            • As a Damosel, she is known as Damsel Huntress (Damoiselle Cacheresse)
          6. As daughter of Dyonas/Dionas
            • She is said to be the niece of the Duke of Burgundy
            • Her Fairy Godmother is said to be Diana the Huntress Goddess
            • In the time of Virgil, Diana had been a Queen of Sicily
          7. Her mother is said to be Vivianne del’Acqs, Queen of Avalon
        4. Ninian(e)
          1. Possibly derived from
            • Welsh mythology’s Rhiannon
            • The 5th-century saint Ninian
            • Or The river Ninian
          2. Sometimes referred to as Niniane del’Acqs
          3. Said to be born c AD 470
          4. Her father is variously listed as
            • Amlawdd Wledig
            • Myrddin/Merlin
            • Or Taliesin
          5. Her mother is sometimes said to be Vivianne del’Acqs, Queen of Avalon
          6. Niniane is said to have married Aurelius Ambrosius (Emrys), The Merlin of Britain
            • More accurately Ambrosius/Emrys/Embreis Aurelianus Wledic/(G)wledig/Guletic the Younger
            • Son of Custennin/Constantin(e)/(Constantinus I) ap Selyf(an)/Salomon I, son of Urbienus/Gradlon Mawr/(The Great)
            • Born AD 439/440
            • Reigned AD 473/474 to AD 475/476 (High-King/Pendragon of Briton; Breton/Cornouaille/Kerne(v))
            • Died AD 489/490
        5. Nynyve/Nenyve/Neneve/Nineve/Nimuë/Nimué/Nimue/Nymue
          1. As Dam(o)sel/Handmaid(en)
          2. As Lady
        6. Igraine/Igrayne/Igerna/Ygerne/Eigr/Ingrene/Arnive
        7. Guinevere/Wenhaver/Wenor/Gwenhwyfar
        8. Enid(e)/Énide
        9. Kundry/Cundrie/(The Proud Damsel)/(La Demoisele Maldisant)/(Le Demoisele Sauvage)
        10. Dindraine/Dandrane/Dandrenor/Danbrann
        11. Ragnell/(The Loathly Lady)/(The Black Maiden)
        12. Margawse/Morgose/Morgause/Anna/(M)orc(h)ades/Sangive/(Siefe(/Anthonje))/Belisent/Gwyar — sister of Morgan le Fay
        13. Sebile of the Lake/(Sebile du Lac)/Lady of the Lake/(Dame du Lac)/Sebile of the Red Castle/(Sebile du Chastel Vermei)
          1. Various spellings of her name
            • Sedile
            • Sebille
            • Sibilla
            • Sibyl
            • Sybilla
          2. An Ally of Morgan le Fay
          3. Appears in Perceforest
          4. Becomes the Wife of Alexander the Great
          5. Is an ancestor of King Arthur
        14. Lydore, the (wise) Fairy Queen/Goddess
        15. Miyazu-hime, the Lady of the Lake
        16. Yamato-hime/Yamatohime-no-mikoto
      3. The fairy who raises Lancelot in France (after the death of his father)
        1. (Mātronā/Modron)/(Morgan le Fay)/(Queen of Maidenland)/(Lady of the Sea)
          1. Mātronā/Modron
          2. Morgan le Fay
          3. Queen of Maidenland
          4. Lady of the Sea
        2. Viviane/Nin(n)iane/Nimuë/Nimue
          1. Viviane
          2. Nin(n)iane
          3. Nimuë/Nimue
      4. The one who gave Arthur his sword(s)
        1. A “sorcerous damosel” (who may or may not have been a “Lady of the Lake”)
        2. Viviane/Ninianne/Nimuë/Nimue/Ny(u)nyue
          1. Viviane
          2. Ninianne
          3. Nimuë/Nimue/Ny(u)nyue
        3. Nineve/Nyneve/Lady Lile of Avel(i)on/Lady Lile of Avilion/Lady Lile of Avalon
          1. Nineve/Nyneve
          2. Lady Lile of Avel(i)on/Lady Lile of Avilion/Lady Lile of Avalon
      5. The one who imprisons (enchants) Merlin
        1. Viv(i)ane/Vivienne/Nivian(e)
        2. Nin(n)ian(n)e/Nin(ian)a
        3. Nimuë/Nimue/Nymue, as Merlin’s nemesis/replacement
      6. Those magical women who are on their ship to bear away the mortally wounded Arthur
        1. Nimuë/Nimue, Chief Lady of the Lake
        2. Queen Morgan le Fay
        3. The Queen of Norgales/Northgalis
        4. The Queen of the Waste Lands
      7. The fairy who heals Arthur in Avalon
        1. Queen Morgan le Fay
        2. Silver Fairy Queen Argante/Margant(e)
    4. Comparison of Other Similar Females to “The Lady of the Lake”
      1. Introduction to the Comparison of Similar Females to “The Lady of the Lake”
      2. Ladies of the Fountains
        1. Introduction to the Ladies of the Fountains
        2. The Lady/Countess of the Fountain
          1. Laudine
          2. Wife of the Lord of the Fountain
        3. (The Lady Lile of Avalon)/(La Dame Gauloise/(Riche et Poissans))
          1. A lady who admired Lancelot; Guerrehes/Gaheris met her by a fountain
          2. The second of the ladies whom Guerrehes/Gaheris met by the fountain
          3. The third of the ladies whom Guerrehes/Gaheris met by the fountain
          4. Whom Gawain found
            • Lamenting in a pavilion
            • Near the Miraculous Fountain
            • She deceived him
          5. A lady who recognises Lancelot
            • After the tournament between the King of Norgales and Baudemagus/Bagdemagus
            • At whose castle Lancelot stays
            • She promised to show him “la plus bele riens”
            • Conducts Lancelot to Corbenic/Carbonek
      3. Ladies of the Waters
        1. Introduction to Ladies of the Waters
        2. Mermaids
          1. Introduction to Mermaids
          2. Mélusine/Melusine
      4. Maidens (of the)/(associated with) Wells/Springs
        1. Damsels/Nymphs whom King Amangons wronged
        2. Goddess Queen Boann of Ireland
      5. Tylwyth Teg (Fair Family)
        1. Bendith y Mamau (Blessing of Mothers)
        2. Gwyll/((Yr) Wyll)/Gwyll(i)on/(twilight, gloaming)/(ghosts, spirits)/(night-wanderers (human or supernatural) up to no good, outlaws of the wild)
        3. Ellyllon (Elves)
        4. (Gwraig Annwn)/(Gwragedd Annwn)/(Lake Maidens)
      6. Ganieda/Gwenddydd — Sister of Myrddin/Merlin
      7. Gwendoloena/Guendoloena/Coventina/Covienna — Wife of Myrddin/Merlin
      8. Co(-)vianna/Vi-Vianna
      9. Diana/Dyan(n)e/(Diana Nemorensis)
      10. Limnatis Artemis
      11. Egeria
      12. Dea Latis
      13. Rhiannon
      14. Aranrhod
      15. Elaine of Garlot
      16. Domnu
      17. Scat(h)ach
      18. Mneme/Mnemosyne
      19. Grendel’s mother
      20. Satana(ya) — The Mother of a Hundred Sons
      21. The Navky
  3. Descriptions and Attributes of The Lady of the Lake
    1. Appears as a beautiful, mysterious, dignified woman
    2. Pragmatic, calm, and knowledgeable
    3. Plays a pivotal role in many stories
    4. Positive Traits
      1. A generally beneficent enchantress who acts as a basically recognizable force for good
      2. A mysterious, almost angelic benefactress of Arthur and his court
      3. Compassionate, clever, strong willed, and sympathetic; especially to Arthur
      4. Heavily stresses justice based on the greater good
      5. Helps knights and damsels alike
    5. Negative Traits
      1. Generally characterized as wicked and evil
      2. A villainess and temptress
  4. Her Watery Court/Castle/Realm
    1. Form and Features of Location — “Celtic” Otherworld
      1. In a lake — The Lake
      2. On an island — Avalon
      3. In a mysterious land that may be in a lake and/or on an island — Maidenland
      4. As described by Merlin: “within that lake is a rock, and therein is a fair place as any on earth, and richly beseen”
    2. Possible locales for “The Lake”
      1. Britain
        1. Caer Lleon/Ca(e)rl(l)ion/City of Legions
          1. Isca Silurum/Camu-lôt/Caerleon(-on-Usk)
          2. Caerleon-upon-Dee/Chester (upon the Dee)
        2. Llyn Llydaw
        3. Llyn Ogwen
        4. Llyn y Fan Fach (near Myddfai)
        5. Dozmary Pool
        6. The Loe
        7. Pomparles Bridge
        8. Martin Mere
        9. Blake Mere Pool
        10. Loch Arthur
      2. France
        1. Benoye
        2. Brocéliande Forest
        3. The Lake of Diana
          1. In Brittany
          2. Containing an invisible island
      3. Belgium — Aleines Stream
      4. Italy
        1. Pergusa Lake, in Sicily
        2. Lake Nemi, in the Lazio region
  5. Literary References to “Ladies of the Lake”
    1. Chrétien de Troyes’ Lancelot, or Le Chevalier de la Charrete (Lancelot, or The Knight of the Cart)
    2. Layamon’s Brut (Brutus, or The Chronicle of Britain)
    3. Ulrich von Zatzikhoven’s Lanzelet
    4. Vulgate Cycle
    5. Post-Vulgate Cycle
    6. Owain
    7. Arthour and Merlin
    8. Merlin
    9. Perceforest
    10. La Tavola Ritonda (The Round Table)
    11. Prose Merlin
    12. Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (The Death of Arthur)
  6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of The Lady of the Lake
    1. Geography of The Lady of the Lake
    2. Genealogy of The Lady of the Lake
    3. Timeline of The Lady of the Lake
Afterword by Michèle Elaine Scott

“There is more of Rome*, than of Romance, about Arthuriana”Glyn Hnutu-healh
 
*and Achaea, Akkad, Alans, Anglia, Arameans, Armorica, Assyria, Babylon, Briton, Cambria, Canaan, Cornwall, Crete, Cumbria, Dalriada, Domnonia, Egypt,
Etruscans, ExtraTerrestrials, France, Frisia, Gaul, Greece, Hindavi, Hittites, Huns, Hurrians, Idubor, Ireland, Judaea, Jutland, Lydia, Macedonia,
Mesopotamia, Mycenaea, Narts, Norse, Persia, Phoenicia, Phrygia, Picts, Saxony, Scotland, Semites, Sumer, Ugarit, and Wales — to name a few

This website is best viewed in 1366 x 768 resolution.

© 1985-2022 GhNh